The story of Jesus birth is in direct fulfillment of many Bible prophecies
Isaiah 7:14 (Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel)(Behold the virgin shall conceive and bear a son, and he shall be called Emmanuel.)
Gen 3:15 (And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.)(And I will put enmity between thee and the woman; and between thy seed and her seed. He will wound thy head, and thou wilt wound his heel.)
Isaiah 11:1 (And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots:)(And there shall spring up a shoot from the root of Jessai)
Micah 5:2 (But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, though thou be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting.)(But as for thee, Bethlehem, thou house of Ephratha, art thou too little to be one of the chiliads of Juda? Out of thee one shall come forth for me to be the chief of Israel. His goings forth have been from the beginning)
Jeremiah 31:15-17 (Thus saith the Lord; A voice was heard in Ramah, lamentation, and bitter weeping; Rahel weeping for her children refused to be comforted for her children, because they were not. Thus saith the Lord; Refrain thy voice from weeping, and thine eyes from tears: for thy work shall be rewarded, saith the Lord; and they shall come again from the land of the enemy. And there is hope in thine end, saith the Lord, that thy children shall come again to their own border.)
All these prophecies were made at least 500 years before Jesus was born. They stand as an irrefutable monument to the inspiration of the Bible and prove that God revealed himself through his messiah, Jesus of Nazareth.
The story of the birth of Jesus as we were told
An Angel Visits Mary
One day about 2,000 years ago an angel named Gabriel appeared to a young woman named Mary. Gabriel told Mary she would have a son, Jesus, who would be the Son of God! Mary was confused and worried about this sudden news, but she had faith in God and said, "I am the Lord's servant; let it be as you say."
Journey to Bethlehem
Mary and her husband-to-be, Joseph, lived in a town called Nazareth. But they had to travel to the city of Bethlehem to register for a census ordered by the Roman emperor, Caesar Augustus. Both Nazareth and Bethlehem are in the country now called Israel. It is about 65 miles (105 km) from Nazareth to Bethlehem, and the trip probably took them several days. When Joseph and Mary got to Bethlehem, there was no place for them to stay because the inn was already full. They ended up spending the night in a stable, a place where animals were kept. There was probably fresh hay on the floor that they used for beds. That night, Jesus was born. There was no crib, so they laid baby Jesus in a manger, a feeding trough for animals. The manger probably had fresh hay in it and made a nice bed for the baby. Shepherds Visits Jesus
That night, some shepherds were in the fields near Bethlehem, keeping watch over their flocks of sheep. An angel appeared to them and gave them the good news that a Savior, the Messiah, had been born. The angel told the shepherds they could find Jesus lying in a manger. Suddenly a whole group of angels appeared saying, "Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, goodwill toward men!" The shepherds hurried into Bethlehem and found Jesus in the manger, just as the angel had told them. After they had seen Jesus, they spread the news, and everyone who heard was in awe. Wise Men Visit Jesus Wise men, or magi, from eastern countries saw a star in the sky that signaled the birth of a new king. They came to Judea, the region around Jerusalem and Bethlehem, to worship Jesus, the new king. A man named Herod was the king of Judea. He called the wise men to a meeting and told them to find the new king so he could go and worship him, too. The wise men continued on to Bethlehem and followed the star until it was directly above the house where Jesus was. They found Mary and Jesus in the house and knelt down to worship Him. They brought Jesus gifts of gold, frankincense, and myrrh, some of the finest things in the ancient world. Frankincense was burned to make a sweet smell, and myrrh was an expensive perfume. After visiting Jesus, the wise men had a dream that warned them not to go back to King Herod, so they took a different route home. Journey to Egypt King Herod lied when he told the wise men he wanted to worship Jesus. He was afraid this new "king" would replace him as king of Judea. He did not understand that Jesus would grow up to be king of God's spiritual kingdom, not king of Judea. What Herod really wanted was to find Jesus and kill Him! Herod was furious when he realized the wise men had not come back to tell him where to find Jesus. He sent his soldiers to Bethlehem to kill all the children under two years old, thinking Jesus would certainly be one of the ones killed. But God had told Joseph in a dream to flee to Egypt. Joseph took Mary and Jesus to live in Egypt where they would be safe from Herod. Joseph, Mary and Jesus stayed in Egypt until Herod had died, and then they returned to Nazareth.
The story of the birth of Jesus as it is written
1- An Angel Visits Mary
She had grown to womanhood in Nazareth, a city of Galilee. And she was expecting soon to marry a good man named Joseph.
Both Mary and Joseph were descendants of King David, but they were poor people. Joseph was a carpenter, and he worked with his tools to make a living for himself and to prepare a home for his bride.
One day God sent the angel Gabriel to Nazareth to speak to Mary, for God had chosen this young woman to become the mother of the Savior who would soon be born into the world.
Mary was surprised when she saw the angel, and she was more surprised when she heard his words.
For he said, "You are highly favored and blessed among women, for the Lord is with you."
Seeing that Mary did not understand his meaning, the angel told her that God was well pleased with her and he had chosen her to become the mother of Jesus, the Savior of men. He told her that Jesus, her son, would be a King, and that he would rule forever. Even yet the surprised young woman could not understand his words, so the angel told her that this wonderful child would be called the Son of God.
While Mary listened the angel told her about the promised child of Zacharias and Elizabeth, the old people who lived in the hill-country of Judah.
And he said, "Although they are old people, nothing is too hard for God to do." Then Mary knew that God could give her this wonderful child which the angel had promised, and she said, "Be it unto me according to thy word."
So the angel left her and went back to heaven.
Now, Mary knew Elizabeth, the old lady of whom the angel spoke; for Elizabeth was her cousin. And she knew how Elizabeth had longed to have a child for many years. She believed that her cousin must be very happy since God had promised to give her a child in her old age. Although the distance was great, she wished to see Elizabeth. So she decided to make her a visit.
As soon as Mary entered the home of her cousin and spoke words of greeting, God caused Elizabeth to know the secret which the angel had told this young woman in her own home. And Elizabeth rejoiced that Mary had come to visit her. She knew that Mary would some day be the mother of Jesus, the Savior of men.
The two women spent many happy days together, then Mary hurried back to her own home in Nazareth. There God's angel spoke to Joseph, the carpenter, in a dream, and told him about the wonderful secret of Jesus' birth. And Joseph was glad, for he had been longing for the time to come when the promised Savior should be born. He took Mary into his home and they waited for the angel's promise to come true.
Why Mary? There is no direct indication of why she was chosen other than she was of the line of The Tribe of Judah. narratives in Matthew and Luke only provide us with a picture of a submissive servant of GOD. (Luke 1:38 ). In her song (Luke 1:46-55 ) she shows faith and spiritual wisdom.
The word favor in Luke 1:30 is the Greek word "charis," which is the word used throughout the New Testament for grace. So it's more about GOD choosing her and favoring her than her being pious in some special way. Our Creator has chosen all of us to be a part of his Kingdom and plan, but then we must choose to align ourselves with him and become his submissive servants like Mary did.
Mary, the mother of Jesus was a descendent of King David, of the tribe of Judah and the daughter of Heli. Joseph, her fiancee, was also a descendent of King David and of the tribe of Judah. There were undoubtably many young women who were engaged and virgins at this time. However, God was choosing the one who would be the human recipient of the seed for his son, the first born of all creation. It is reasonable that he would seek the most fitting young woman. She would need to have certain qualities. Purity - not just physical purity as in being a virgin, but also purity of mind and heart. Love for God - as expressed in her actions and attitudes and her love for God's teachings, commandments, regulations and requirements. Willingness - to listen to God's messenger and do what was being asked of her regardless of the difficulty or possible consequences of responding loyally to God's direction. Courage - to act in harmony with God's will. These are just some of the reasons that God may have chosen this particular Mary to be the Mother of Jesus. Mary knew full well the consequences of her virgin birth - according to Jewish law, she would be stoned to death. Undoubtably it was her knowledge of the prophecies regarding the coming Messiah and her love of God that enabled her - and her fiancee, Joseph - to willingly and joyfully accept this assignment. Mary is a wonderful example for those who carry the word of God today near home or to the distant parts of the earth. She is a wonderful example of humility, courage, and willingness to do God's will regardless of cost to self.
2- The Journey to Bethlehem
Mary and Joseph traveled from Nazareth in Galilee to Bethlehem in Judaea because Joseph's family came from Bethlehem. Luke 2:4 (And Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judaea, unto the city of David, which is called Bethlehem; (because he was of the house and lineage of David:)(Joseph went up from Galilee, from the city of Nazareth to Judea, to the city of David, which is called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and patriarchal family of David, to be enrolled with Mary his espoused wife, who was then great with child.)
Today, the 100-mile journey from Nazareth to Bethlehem takes two or three hours by car. But 2,000 years ago, when the Bible says Mary and Joseph traveled to participate in the census of Caesar Augustus, the trip could have taken eight to 10 days.
A - Did Mary and Joseph arrive in Bethlehem on a Donkey? Perhaps, but there are various other possibilities. The Bible doesn’t say how she got to Bethlehem. It only says that she came with Joseph. Luke 2:4-5 (And Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judaea, unto the city of David, which is called Bethlehem; because he was of the house and lineage of David: To be taxed with Mary his espoused wife, being great with child.)(Joseph went up from Galilee, from the city of Nazareth to Judea, to the city of David, which is called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and patriarchal family of David, to be enrolled with Mary his espoused wife, who was then great with child.)
B- Did Mary and Joseph arrive in Bethlehem the night she gave birth? The Bible does not suggest this. They could have arrived weeks earlier. God’s Word simply states in Luke 2:6 “while they were there in bethlehem, the days were accomplished that she should be delivered”. Arriving in town well before her due date would make more sense. (And while they were there, the time came that she should be delivered; and she brought forth her son, the first born, and swathed him, and laid him in a manger) Future Tense.
C- Was Jesus born in a stable? Or a barn? Or a cave? The Bible does not mention any of these three places in connection with Christ’s birth, only a manger.
What is a manger? A manger is a trough or box of carved stone or wood construction used to hold food for animals (as in a stable). Mangers are mostly used in livestock raising. The word comes from the French manger (meaning "to eat"), or from Latin manducare (meaning "to chew").
Scripture simply reports that they laid Jesus in a manger because there was no room for him in the inn. The Greek word used in Scripture is kataluma, and can mean guest chamber, lodging place or inn. The only other time this word was used in the New Testament is in Mark 14:14-15 (And wheresoever he shall go in, say ye to the goodman of the house, The Master saith, Where is the guest chamber, where I shall eat the passover with my disciples? And he will shew you a large upper room furnished and prepared: there make ready for us.) It is translated guest chamber, not inn. According to our Bible Experts Jesus was probably born in the house of his relatives. There is nothing in here about evan speaking to anyone at the Inn for lodging.
Many Judaean houses at this time had a guest room (Upper Room were the family lived, Ate and Slept). They also had a lower room were the livestock would feed and stay in at night and in bad weather. So if you place all these things together you can come up with an idea of what actually happened.
In a conclusion we can say that Joseph and marry journeyed to Bethlehem on an animal (like a donkey, horse or camel). Then arrived in Bethlehem around 10 days later, They then logged in the lower room at his family's house were the animals were kept because there was no room for them in the guest chamber (upper room). She then gave birth some time later (Probably not the same day), Which when he was born he was born in a manger (trough or box of carved stone or wood construction used to hold food for animals).
Jesus was circumcised when He was eight days old (Luke 2:21 ). Jesus was then presented in the temple 33 days later after the "days of purification" were competed, which is the 40th day after Jesus was born. (Leviticus 12:2-6 & Luke 2:22-38 ). (Now when eight days were accomplished, at circumcising the child, he was named Jesus, the name which the angel had given him before he was conceived. And when the days of her purification were accomplished according to the law of Moses, they took him up to Jerusalem to present him to the Lord; as it is written in the law of the Lord, that every male, who is the first born of his mother, is to be accounted consecrate to the Lord; and to offer a sacrifice according to what is prescribed in the law of the Lord—a pair of turtle doves or two young pigeons)
3- Shepherds visit Jesus
And there were shepherds living out in the fields, keeping watch over their flocks at night. And an angel of the Lord appeared to them . . . When the angels had left them and gone into heaven, the shepherds said to one another, "Let’s go to Bethlehem." (Luke 2:8-15 ) And the shepherds went that night. (And as soon as the angels withdrew from them to heaven; the men—the shepherds said one to another, Come, let us go to Bethlehem and see this which is come to pass, which the Lord hath made known to us. So they went with all speed, and found Mary and Joseph, and the babe that lay in the manger; and, having seen, they divulged what had been told them concerning this child.)
From this we can see that the shepherds was not there at the time of berth but a short time later depending on the distance from them and were Jesus was.
That same night, angels announced to the shepherds that Christ was born and they came to visit the newborn Christ at the manger (Luke 2:8-20 ). In this way, the shepherds, who as a class had a very low social status, would take a keen and early interest in the Chief Shepherd (Jn 10:11 ; 1 Pet 5:4 ). Jesus is the "lamb ... who will be their shepherd" in Rev 7:17 . It was fitting for many reasons that God designed that shepherds be the first to hear the gospel. All the patriarchs, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob etc., were shepherds. King David was a shepherd, and was not originally even considered a candidate as king. Jesus was the "good shepherd" (Jn 10:1 ). The office of overseers of the local churches (1 Tim 3 ; Tit 1 ) uses two other interchangeable words to describe the single office: Elders and Shepherds. (Acts 20:17,28 ; 1 Peter 5:1-2 ).
4- Wise Men visit Jesus
Contrary to popular myth, the "star of Bethlehem" is merely referred to as "his star" which the Magi saw. Further, there is no Biblical evidence that the star hovered over the stable where Jesus was born. Rather the star hovered over the house (See Matthew 2:11 ) of Jesus some time after his birth. Matthew 2:1-2,7 ,9 says "Now after Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of Herod the king, behold, magi from the east arrived in Jerusalem, saying, "Where is He who has been born King of the Jews? For we saw His star in the east, and have come to worship Him. ... Then Herod secretly called the magi, and ascertained from them the time the star appeared ... the star, which they had seen in the east, went on before them, until it came and stood over where the Child was" The Magi first saw the star at the time of Christ’s Birth, then they saw the star long after Jesus was born and arrived at the house of Jesus, probably when Jesus was about one. (see below) There is no evidence that the Magi were led to Jesus by a bright low hovering star. Such a star would have been quite noticeable by many people. The fact that Herod had to ask the Magi when the star first appeared, proves that the star was not out of the ordinary to the untrained eye. Only the Magi, who studied the stars, would notice it. Hence the idea of a very bright low hovering star shining over the stable where Jesus is born is wrong. On the other hand, the star the Magi were attracted by, has no acceptable natural celestial explanation and it is clearly a special miracle to attract the Magi.
The term “wise men” appears 44 times in the Bible, and the meaning varies somewhat. The first mention of “wise men” is in the account of Jacob's son, Joseph, in Genesis 41:8 where it says that the pharaoh "called for all the magicians of Egypt and all its wise men" [Hebrew: chakam] to interpret his dream. Chakam means intelligent, skillful, artful or cunning man. This same word is used throughout the rest of the Old Testament, except in the Book of Daniel. In Daniel, the word used in the original language is chakamim or chakkiym from a root corresponding to chakam. The first of these “wise men” is mentioned in Daniel 2:12 . At this time, “wise men” apparently consisted of three different types: (1) Astrologers, (2) Chaldeans, and (3) Soothsayers. In the New Testament, three different words are translated as “wise men.” A. The Magi who worshipped Jesus. The first word translated “wise men” is the Greek word magos. This is the same as magus, an old Persian word equivalent to the chakam of the Old Testament (above). Magi is the plural of magus.
The first and only mention of magi in the New Testament is in the story of Jesus Christ's young life. In Matthew, it is recorded that they came from the East to Jerusalem looking for “he that is born King of the Jews.” These were magi, a priestly caste of learned men. The only known Magian priests East of Palestine (at the time of Christ's Birth), were in ancient Media, Persia, Assyria, and Babylonia. There is no proof of what country these men came from, and there is no consensus among the early Church Fathers.
Although the word magic is derived from the same root as magi, and magi are generally associated with occult studies, even in our modern world. However, these magi seem to be different. There is no indication that they practiced sorcery or claimed magical powers. Their recorded conduct is sincere and worshipful. They appear to have researched the Old Testament and believed its prophecies about the Messiah. They apparently gained nothing material from their long journey.
The record does not specifically say that there were three, or that they were kings; this is assumed by some from the number and types of gifts that were given to Jesus (gold, frankincense, and myrrh). The gifts reflected the aspects of Christ's nature: gold to a king, myrrh to one who will die, and incense, as homage to a God. None of the Church Fathers suggested that these men were kings, but there was obvious wealth involved. It is possible that the wealth was theirs, or that they were religious or scholarly envoys of royalty in a distant land.
These magi did not arrive until possibly almost two years after Christ's birth, certainly sometime after his presentation in the Temple (Luke 2:22-39 ). (Immediately after the visit of the magi, Mary and Joseph fled with Jesus to Egypt, where they probably stayed till after Herod's death in 4 B.C.) B. Magi (King Makers) The Magi were so powerful that historians tell us that no Persian was ever able to become king except under two conditions: (1) he had to master the scientific and religious discipline of the Magi, and (2) he had to be approved of and crowned by the Magi. In effect, the Magi controlled who could be king! The law of the Medes and the Persians (Est. 1:19; Dan. 6:8 ) was a code of scientific and religious discipline of the Magi, which was a required for anyone to be a monarch in Persia. Besides controlling the kingly office, historians tell us that they controlled the judicial office as well. Esther 1:13 implies that the royal bench of judges was chosen from the Magi. By this kind of leverage, the Magi of the massive Medo-Persian Empire were able to control essentially the entire known world of the orient. The Magi were not only responsible for training every monarch in the fields of astronomy, natural history, mathematics, agriculture and architecture but they were also responsible for the selection of kings and judges, who served to counterbalance one another. All nobility was raised by these king-makers, and no one ruled at all apart from them. Remember that Daniel was chosen to become chief of the Magi when he demonstrated his superior ability in interpreting dreams. By the "divine coincidence" of having a great Hebrew prophet to rule the Magi six hundred years before Jesus was born, GOD was, in effect, setting up the situation so that one day, when a baby was born in Bethlehem, some of those Magi would find their way to the house where the baby was so that He could be acknowledged as King.
5- Journey to Egypt
The Star of Bethlehem attracted visitors from the East. These visitors believed that the star marked the birth of a new king. Perhaps the visitors were familiar with the Bible's prophecies and understood that a Messiah King would be born in Israel and that he would have an impact on the entire world.
But, Israel already had a ruler, King Herod the Great. He was not a true king but had been appointed by the Romans to govern the Jews in the land of Israel. Herod was described by Josephus, a Jewish historian who lived during the first century, as a murderous man who ordered the deaths of many of his own family members. Herod the king must have thought he was being clever when he told the Magi to be sure and come back to let him know where they found the new born king for he wanted to go and worship also. Yeah, right. Of course Herod’s real intention was to remove this usurper to his throne. But being warned in a dream the Magi took a different route as they departed. When Herod found out that the visitors (Wise Men) were hoping to find and worship the newborn king, and not return to him, He sent his troops to kill every male child under 2 years old in Bethlehem, in the hopes of killing the king that the visitors spoke of.
an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream, saying, "Arise, take the young Child and His mother, flee to Egypt, and stay there until I bring you word; for Herod will seek the young Child to destroy Him." When he arose, he took the young Child and His mother by night and departed for Egypt. (Notice he did not say his son).
In conclusion we can say the following.
1- There is nowhere in the bible that states there was 3 wise men.
2- There is no way that the wise men were there at the birth of Jesus.
3- There is no way that the shepherds were there at the birth of Jesus.
3- Jesus was most likely born in a house not a stable.
4- That Mary did not conceive the night she arrived in Bethlehem.
5- That we do not know what Joseph and Mary rode to Bethlehem.
6- That GOD might have chosen Mary for her Lineage and her attributes.
7- That GOD chose the Magi for a reason like to acknowledge Jesus as King.